Skip to content

Test Preview

MIDTERM TEST PREVIEW

Rules

  • This test is intended to improve your understanding of the terms and concepts we use in the first six weeks of classes. It is also a good rehearsal for the essay assignment on a passer of your choice. It is also good preparation for the final exam, which is comprehensive.
  • The premise for this test is to provide you with a number of different ways of responding to the material, and to allow you to rehearse the information in such a way that it will stay with you longer. Longer retention of previously unknown concepts will assist you in a better analysis.
  • On the day of the test, you are allowed to bring in a “cheat sheet,” with your own notes about the first 6 classes.  The notes can be written or typed, but must be clear and understandable to others in your group who will read them and use them as well. The notes must be written individually, in your own words, as opposed to those of the definitions that are provided on the Internet or on the course content pages. The absence of a cheat sheet will mean that you will work alone and not in a group. It will also mean an automatic deduction of 5 marks. At the end of the test, the cheat sheet will be stapled on to the test of the student who authored it. If the cheat sheet is not clear, understandable, and in your own words, you will receive a deduction of up to 5 marks.
  • All devices, including computers, iPods, calculators and telephones, are prohibited in the classroom. Your devices must be turned off, placed in your bags, and bags must be placed at the front of the room.
  • If you require alternate accommodation for the test, please make those arrangements with me ahead of time—at the end of class # 6 or before.

 

Three Question Formats

  • 1. Match-up questions will consist of two columns.  In the left column will appear 10 responses numbered from 1 to 10.  In the right column will appear 15 concepts.  Your job will be to match one left column response with one right column concept. Obviously, 5 of the right column concepts will be incorrect. This section will be worth 10 marks.
  • 2. Fill-in the blanks will consist of ten question which will require you to fill in the blanks with one or two words. This section will be worth 10 marks.
  • 3. Short answers will ask you to write one or two sentences in response to a question or asking you for a definition of a concept. This section also requires you to write completely in your own words, not using any verbatim passages from the website or  the wiki definitions. If the answer is plagiarized, even if it is correct, it will earn a ‘0’.

 

Examples of Formats

Sample Match-up Question (Note that only one left-column responses and three right-column concepts appear in this brief sample)

1) ____ An ego-defense mechanism used by           a) narcissism

anti-gay legislators…                                                          b) gender identity disorder

c) reaction formation

(Answer: C, reaction formation…. Place the letter C on the small line that appears just after the 1).

Sample Fill in the Blanks Question

2) Two ego-defense mechanisms that are almost always used simultaneously are ________________________ and ________________.

(Answer: projection and denial)

Sample Short Answer Question

3) In your own words, define reaction-formation:

(Answer: Secretly, you are really turned on by a certain type of behaviour, but because you judge the behaviour as being “bad,” you persecute others who openly express the same behaviour. In addition, you act the opposite of the tendency that you despise in yourself).

 

Content

Please remember that you are responsible for the contents of Brooke Kroeger, Passing: When People Can’t Be Who They Are. You may bring your book with you on the day of the exam.

 

Class 1, Introduction to Passing

  • Why do people pass? What are the fundamental types of passing?
  • Other than “passers,” what are several different terms describing people who pretend to be other than who they are? (see also end of module 3)
  • Name a famous passer that we discussed in this first class. How and why did she pass? What lessons are we supposed to learn from her story of passing?
  • What is the sociological meaning of ‘prejudice’?
  • What are the different ways by which someone might lie or misrepresent the truth?
  • What was Abraham Maslow’s contribution to the analysis of human identity? How is his model useful to us in our study of passing? What are the different levels of his model?

Class 2, Psychological Tools

  • Name five different psychological theories that attempt to explain how identity is formed. Explain the characteristics of each theory.
  • Name and describe two Freudian models that attempt to explain human mental processes. For each of the two models, name and describe (the functions of) the three components that make up each model.
  • What does Freud mean by psychic determinism?
  • What does Freud mean by catharsis?
  • Explain transference and countertransference.
  • What is an ego defense mechanism? Explain the following five ‘healthy’ defense mechanisms: altruism, anticipation, humour, sublimation, and suppression. Explain the following twelve  ‘immature’ defense mechanisms: repression, acting out, somatization, regression, denial, projection, splitting, displacement, reaction formation, magical thinking, intellectualization, rationalization.
  • What is learning theory? Name three types of learning theorists.
  • Who are the identity theorists? Name three of them and explain how each theorists’viewpoint is different from that of the others.
  • What is a personality disorder? Name and explain the ten different types of personality disorders.
  • What do we mean by Cluster A, Cluster B, and Cluster C personality disorders? What are the main characteristics of each of the three clusters? Classify the ten personality disorders according to cluster.
  • What is an anxiety disorder? Name and explain five different types of anxiety disorders.
  •  What is a mood disorder? Name and explain two different types of mood disorders.
  • Name and explain three types of behaviour therapy.
  • What are the Big 5 personality traits?
  • What is Impostor Syndrome?

Class 3, Cultural Psychology

  • Name a number of different ways that animals pass. What is a broad category used to classify the passing techniques of animals who are prey? Which animal in nature seems to be the best passer?
  • What are the ‘modes of passing?’ Name and describe them.
  • Provide two examples, from literature and theatre, of famous stories of passing.
  • From theatre and opera, provide two reasons why actors engage in race or gender passing.
  • What are the most common modes of passing found in Hollywood movies? Give three examples of stories of passing in cinema.
  • Name three books authored by individuals who went “undercover” to research a phenomenon normally not available to them.
  • Name the psychologist who sent ‘pseudopatients’ undercover. Explain his two-part experiment, his rationale, and his outcome.
  • Who was “The Great Impostor?” Name four ways in which he passed. Based on what you know so far, what do you think was his rationale?

Class 4, Race and Passing

  • Explain how the findings of the Human Genome Project invalidate the concept of race. What, then, is race?
  • How similar are humans to one another?
  • What types of people formulated the concept of race and why?
  • Which ‘race’ holds most of the socio-economic and political power in North America? What, then, are the benefits for a race passer, of pretending to be a member.
  • What is the premise of Peggy McIntosh’s essay? Provide four examples of how she supports her premise.
  • What are the psychological effects, on racialized and oppressed groups, of the myth of white supremacy?
  • What are the socioeconomic effects of race on racially-oppressed groups?
  • Give three examples of colonialism as it applies to the European conquest of Native peoples in the Americas.
  • What methods of racialization were (and are) used in Canada in relation to Aboriginal and First Nations people?

Class 5, Gender and Passing

  • What do genetic findings tell us about the similarities between men and women?
  • What are sexist stereotypes?  Name five stereotypes that exist for women and five corresponding/opposite stereotypes that exist for men (e.g. men = rational, women = emotional).
  • How do we acquire our cultural beliefs regarding gender? Name at least 4 different methods.
  • What is gender identity? How is this different from gender expression?
  • Define body presentation, according to Helms. How does this relate to the concept of “sex”? What is Helms referring to when she uses the term “sexual attraction”?
  • What is transgender?
  • When a transgendered female chooses to live as a man, how does he identify?
  • When a transgendered male chooses to live as a woman, how does she identify?
  • How do many cross dressers who dress as women identify? How do many cross dressers who dress as men identify?
  • When a person identifies with a sex that is different from the sex assigned at birth, what might that person identify themselves as?
  • When a person wishes to change their body presentation to become a person of the opposite gender, he/she will undergo what kind of surgery?
  • Name two famous gender passers.
  • Name three international examples of people who identify under the category of “third gender.”

Class 6, Sexual Orientation and Passing

  • What does homosexual mean?  Thus, what is its etymology?
  • What broad psychological debate (see week two) has created a division in the understanding of how people acquire their sexual orientation?
  • What does the LBGTQ community stand to gain from the assertion that sexual orientation is biologically encoded in all of us?
  • What does the anti-gay movement stand to gain from the assertion that sexual orientation is learned rather than innate?
  • What is meant by ‘closeted’? What is meant by ‘coming out’?
  • There are a number of reasons, for a sexual orientation passer, for passing as straight. Name four reasons and describe possible outcomes if the passer is discovered.
  • What does homophobia mean? What is its etymology?
  • Name three ego-defense mechanisms used by homophobes and anti-gays. Name an anti-gay politician who appears to have used these defenses.

______________________________________________________________________

FINAL EXAM PREVIEW

Rules

  • This test will test your knowledge of the terms and concepts used throughout the course. The final exam is comprehensive: 25% is based on material from weeks 1 through 6;  75% is based on material from weeks 9 through 14.
  • The premise for this test is to provide you with a number of different ways of responding to the material, and to allow you to rehearse the information in such a way that it will stay with you longer. Longer retention of previously unknown concepts will assist you in a better analysis.
  • On the day of the test, you are allowed to bring in two “cheat sheets,” with your own notes about all 12 content classes.  The notes can be written or typed, but must be clear and understandable to me. The notes must be written in your own words, as opposed to those of the definitions that are provided on the Internet or on the course content pages. The absence of a cheat sheet will mean an automatic deduction of 5 marks. At the end of the test, the cheat sheet will be stapled on to your test. If the cheat sheet is not clear, understandable, and in your own words, you will receive a deduction of up to 5 marks.
  • All devices, including computers, iPods, calculators and telephones, are prohibited in the classroom. Your devices must be turned off, placed in your bags, and bags must be placed at the front of the room.
  • If you require alternate accommodation for the test, please make those arrangements with me ahead of time—at the end of class # 14 or before.
  • Unlike the mid-term, where students were expected to work in groups, you have the option to complete the final exam on your own.

 

 Three Question Formats

  • 1. Match-up questions will consist of two columns.  In the left column will appear 10 responses numbered from 1 to 10.  In the right column will appear 15 concepts.  Your job will be to match one left column response with one right column concept. Obviously, 5 of the right column concepts will be incorrect. This section will be worth 10 marks.
  • 2. Fill-in the blanks will consist of ten question which will require you to fill in the blanks with one or two words. This section will be worth 10 marks.
  • 3. Short answers will ask you to write one or two sentences in response to a question or asking you for a definition of a concept. This section also requires you to write completely in your own words, not using any verbatim passages from the website or  the wiki definitions. If the answer is plagiarized, even if it is correct, it will earn a ‘0’.

 

Content

 

Class 9, Class and Passing

  • Define class. Define classism.
  • Who is Judith Rollins? Explain the premise of her research.
  • What is deference? What is maternalism?
  • Define ‘social sciences’.
  • What was the premise of the classic comedy film ‘Trading Places’?
  • Define materialism.
  • Define ‘working class’.  Define ‘elite’. Who are the ‘fat cats’?
  • How is the world’s wealth distributed?
  • What are the main predictors of wealth?
  • How do we criminalize poverty?
  • What defines a person’s class status?
  • Who was Karl Marx? Explain the basics of his theory about class.
  • What did Marx mean by ‘opium of the masses’ or ‘opiates of the people’?
  • What are six types of class passing?
  • What did Clark Rockefeller do in order to pass?
  • Explain the premise behind the Romantic movement.
  • What is appropriation? What defenses are used by those who appropriate?

 

Class 10, Immigration and Passing

  • What happened at Ellis Island?
  • How were new immigrants treated at Ellis Island?
  • Define xenophobia.
  • How is the concept of  ‘the other’ related to xenophobia?
  • For what injustice to Chinese-Canadians did Mr. Harper recently apologize?
  • Define culture shock.
  • Define assimilation.
  • Define cultural dissonance.

 

Class 11, Disability and Passing

  • Define ableism.
  • What is ‘social stigma’?
  • Define audism.
  • Explain ‘deaf culture’.
  • Explain the first and the second parts of the Rosenhan experiment.
  • Who is Howard Becker?
  • Define labelling theory.
  • What is a ‘mental disorder’?

 

Class 12, Everyday Passing

  • Name and explain eight different types of everyday passing.
  • Define monogamy.
  • Define bigamy.
  • Define polygamy.
  • What is promiscuity? Explain the double-standard around this behaviour.
  • What is misogyny?
  • Define dissociation.
  • Explain Munchausen syndrome. What is malingering?
  • Through online misrepresentation, name four types of passing that you can do that are unethical and yet legal.
  • Name four ways in which you have passed in the last month.
  • What is passing by omission?
  • In what ways did our guest speakers pass? What were some of the consequences of their passing?

 

Class 13, Famous Passers

  • What is conspicuous consumption?
  • What is the motive behind most famous passers? Who seemed to have a different motive?
  • Who was Christian Karl Gerhartsreiter? How did he change his behaviour to pass as someone else?
  • Define forgery.
  • Define fabrication.
  • Define delusional disorder. What is meant by ‘delusions of grandeur’?
  • Who was Christophe Rocancourt?  How did he change his behaviour to pass as someone else?
  • Define: fraud, identity fraud, aliases, con jobs
  • What defense mechanisms were employed by Rocancourt?
  • What do we mean by ‘conscience’?
  • Who was ‘The Great Impostor’? What was his most famous feat of passing?
  • Who was Frank William Abagnale Jr.?

 

Class 14, Passing in Popular Culture

  • What is mimesis? What is anti-mimesis?
  • Define ‘cliche’. Define ‘catch phrase’.
  • Define Dissociative Identity Disorder.
  • What is meant by ‘bread and circuses’? Who coined this phrase?
  • Define hegemony.
  • Define conformity.
  • Discuss early passing on the Western stage.
  • What was a minstrel show? What was blackface?
  • Give three examples of pejorative labels that have been used to describe a racial passer.
  • Who was Al Jolson? What racist genre of passing did he utilize in his performances?
  • What function does comedic crossdressing play in our culture?
  • Name six different types of passing in modern television and film. Give an instance of each type.
  • In what ways does entertainment pass as education?
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: